A continuous care and effort that would assist a person to get back, keep, or improve needed capabilities for the everyday life. The abilities lost may be physical, mental, and/or cognitive (thinking and learning). These abilities may have been lost due to a disease or injury, and it can also be due to a medication side effect.
Patients who require rehabilitations are experiencing one of the following difficulties:
- Limitations in self-care
- Impaired mobility, balance, and coordination
- Limitations in joint strength and motion
- Changes in memory, thought processing, reasoning, and rational thinking
- Speech and communication problems
- Swallowing disorders
Causes! Who needs rehabilitation?
These difficulties may be a result of one of the following conditions:
- Injuries and trauma like burns, fractures, traumatic brain injury, &spinal cord injuries
- Major surgery
- Some forms of arthritis
- Severe Infections
- Certain birth defects and genetic disorders
- Developmental disabilities
- Neurological disorder (like multiple sclerosis, Parkinson disease & muscular dystrophy
- Major multiple trauma
- Major psychiatric condition like major depression, bipolar and schizophrenia.
Usually the results of rehabilitation differ from one person to another depending on several factors such as;
- Cause of incapability
- Severity of incapability
- Type of incapability
Therefore, the goal of rehabilitation is to regain as much as possible from the lost skills or abilities and gain independence.
How it’s done?
In rehabilitation, you start with a treatment plan or program to start the journey in order to determine goals, plans and phases of treatment. Usually there would be several components to assist such as the health care providers, equipment and practice and other components such as;
- Cognitive rehabilitation therapy to help you relearn or improve skills such as thinking, learning, memory, planning, and decision making
- Mental health counseling
- Music or art therapy to help you express your feelings, improve your thinking, and develop social connections
- Nutritional counseling
- Assistive devices, which are tools, equipment, and products that help people with disabilities move and function
- Occupational therapy to help you with your daily activities
- Physical therapy to help your strength, mobility, and fitness
- Recreational therapy to improve your emotional well-being through arts and crafts, games, relaxation training, and animal-assisted therapy
- Speech-language therapy to help with speaking, understanding, reading, writing and swallowing
- Treatment for pain
- Vocational rehabilitation to help you build skills for going to school or working at a job